What are pigmented lesions?

A lesion is an non-specific term referring to abnormal tissue in the body. It can be caused by any disease process including trauma, infection, neoplasm, metabolic and autoimmune. Pigmented lesions, and in particular age spots, sun spots are increasingly regarded by the persons affected as a cosmetic blemish.

What kind of pigmented lesion can be treated?

There are many different types of pigmented lesions which differ from one another fundamentally in terms of their characteristics.
For this reason the evaluation of and possible therapy for pigmented lesion should always be correctly analyzed with specialized scanner that we always use during our consultation prior to any treatment .
Benign pigmented lesions such as lentigo simplex, lentigo senilis (age and sun spots), melasma,café au lait stains and many types of naevi can be treated with laser devices in various ways with very good results.

sun spot removal before afterHow does removal of pigments with laser work?

The laser beam enters the skin, it interfaces the upper skin layer and the melanin of the pigments that absorbs the light energy. Through the mechanical effect of short light shots the enclosed Melanin is blasted and pulverised. Afterwards the pulverised pigments can easily be removed by the bodies own lymph system. For removal of Pigments, a number of treatments is necessary depending on the indication ( size, colour, depth).

How will the treatment take course?

The tip of the laser is placed onto the skin, during procedure it feels like a small stitch. The areas to be treated are than moved over with the hand-piece of the laser. After the treatment reddening of the skin and a strong feeling of warmth might occur. After a few hours the treated areas might darken and a small crust can build up but not with the lighter color pigment. This degenerates within a few days. Treatments should be repeated 3-4 weeks .

What needs to be considered before the treatment?

Ø shave the hair one day before the treatment
Ø avoid tanning of the skin
Ø do not do waxing or electrical depilating 3 weeks before treatment
Ø before treatment you can apply Emla- cream ( topical anesthetic) to sensitive areas like upper lip
Ø remove make-up and deodorant

What needs to be considered after the treatment?

Ø cool the treated skin as long as it is comfortable to you and apply post laser specialized gel for the first 48 hrs if crusts will built up, do not pick or use facial scrub till treated area is healed
Ø protect treated areas against sun light or intensive light (solarium)
Ø use sun block cream (30 -50) if you stay outdoor
We do recommend specialized cosmetic creams to use between each treatment

What complications may occur?

No laser treatment is totally free of risk. Normally laser-treatment is very low in risk if performed by experienced Laser Safety certified clinical therapist .
Lightening of the skin or hyper-pigmentation can temporarily occur. Both is regulated by the skin itself.